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【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00604 ORA-01555产生原因和MOS官方解决办法

时间:2016-10-26 21:02   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:HTZ   点击:

天萃荷净 Oracle研究中心案例分析:分享一篇关于Oracle trace跟踪文件分析的文档,在当前trace文件中怎么找到报错sql访问的块与sql的绑定变量。
本案例以ORA-00604/ORA-01555来分析。

1,测试版本

oracleplus.net>select * from v$version where rownum<3;

BANNER
—————————————————————-
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 – 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 – Production

oracleplus.net>!lsb_release -a
LSB Version: :core-4.0-amd64:core-4.0-ia32:core-4.0-noarch:graphics-4.0-amd64:graphics-4.0-ia32:graphics-4.0-noarch:printing-4.0-amd64:printing-4.0-ia32:printing-4.0-noarch
Distributor ID: RedHatEnterpriseServer
Description: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 4.8 (Tikanga)
Release: 4.8
Codename: Tikanga

2,故障现象

Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name "_SYSSMU8$" too small
这里看到已经出现了ORA-01555的报错,默认trace文件不包括详细的trace信息

3,配置10046与errorstack

http://www.oracleplus.net
oracleplus.net>oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
oracleplus.net>oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12;
Statement processed.
oracleplus.net>oradebug event 1555 trace name errorstack forever,level 12;
Statement processed.
oracleplus.net>alter database open resetlogs;
在alert文件中可以发现下面的详细信息
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 2ajy4zgqrakrx, SCN: 0x0001.4000007b):
Sun Jul 20 22:16:45 CST 2014
select ts#,file#,block#,nvl(bobj#,0),nvl(tab#,0),intcols,nvl(clucols,0),audit$,flags,pctfree$,pctused$,initrans,maxtrans,rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,analyzetime, samplesize,cols,property,nvl(degree,1),nvl(instances,1),avgspc_flb,flbcnt,kernelcols,nvl(trigflag, 0),nvl(spare1,0),nvl(spare2,0),spare4,spare6 from tab$ where obj#=:1
Sun Jul 20 22:16:45 CST 2014
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc:
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name " " too small
Sun Jul 20 22:16:47 CST 2014
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc:
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name "_SYSSMU8$" too small
Sun Jul 20 22:16:48 CST 2014
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name "_SYSSMU8$" too small
Sun Jul 20 22:16:48 CST 2014
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name "_SYSSMU8$" too small
这里看到了报错的trace文件。

4,在trace文件中查询详细信息

4.1 查找块与每个块的ITL信息
[root@www.htz.pw ~]#grep -E "^Block he|^0x0" /oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm10g/udump/asm10g_ora_4251.trc
Block header dump: 0x00400026
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
Block header dump: 0x0040007c
0x01 0x0007.017.000000b3 0x008062d3.0093.2a –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00034536
Block header dump: 0x00400032
0x01 0x0004.029.000000ef 0x0080cfb0.00b9.02 C— 0 scn 0x0000.0005661e
Block header dump: 0x00400033
0x01 0x0005.00e.00000024 0x00800f39.0012.01 CB– 0 scn 0x0000.000109ca
0x02 0x0008.02d.000000d2 0x0080007e.00b9.05 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005ed04
Block header dump: 0x00400026
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
Block header dump: 0x004000ca
0x01 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 —- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000
0x02 0x0000.044.00000027 0x0040019f.0035.3b –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005e5cc
Block header dump: 0x0040006a
0x01 0x0000.02e.0000002a 0x00400016.0037.19 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00075d1a
Block header dump: 0x00400026
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
Block header dump: 0x0040007c
0x01 0x0007.017.000000b3 0x008062d3.0093.2a –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00034536
Block header dump: 0x00400032
0x01 0x0004.029.000000ef 0x0080cfb0.00b9.02 C— 0 scn 0x0000.0005661e
Block header dump: 0x00400033
0x01 0x0005.00e.00000024 0x00800f39.0012.01 CB– 0 scn 0x0000.000109ca
0x02 0x0008.02d.000000d2 0x0080007e.00b9.05 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005ed04
Block header dump: 0x00400026
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
Block header dump: 0x004000ca
0x01 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 —- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000
0x02 0x0000.044.00000027 0x0040019f.0035.3b –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005e5cc
Block header dump: 0x0040006a
0x01 0x0000.02e.0000002a 0x00400016.0037.19 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00075d1a
Block header dump: 0x0040007c
0x01 0x0007.017.000000b3 0x008062d3.0093.2a –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00034536
Block header dump: 0x00400032
0x01 0x0004.029.000000ef 0x0080cfb0.00b9.02 C— 0 scn 0x0000.0005661e
Block header dump: 0x00400033
0x01 0x0005.00e.00000024 0x00800f39.0012.01 CB– 0 scn 0x0000.000109ca
0x02 0x0008.02d.000000d2 0x0080007e.00b9.05 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005ed04
Block header dump: 0x00400026
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
Block header dump: 0x004000ca
0x01 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 —- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000
0x02 0x0000.044.00000027 0x0040019f.0035.3b –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.0005e5cc
Block header dump: 0x0040006a
0x01 0x0000.02e.0000002a 0x00400016.0037.19 –U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00075d1a

4.2 查看报错SQL的等待事件
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #2 len=343 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1372915825389474 hv=3983887101 ad=’83688078′
select ts#,file#,block#,nvl(bobj#,0),nvl(tab#,0),intcols,nvl(clucols,0),audit$,flags,pctfree$,pctused$,initrans,maxtrans,rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,analyzetime, samplesize,cols,property,nvl(degree,1),nvl(instances,1),avgspc_flb,flbcnt,kernelcols,nvl(trigflag, 0),nvl(spare1,0),nvl(spare2,0),spare4,spare6 from tab$ where obj#=:1
END OF STMT
EXEC #2:c=0,e=37,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1372915825389473
WAIT #2: nam=’db file sequential read’ ela= 254 file#=1 block#=38 blocks=1 obj#=4 tim=1372915825389837
这里可能会存在多条此SQL语句

4.3 查看SQL的绑定变量信息
Cursor#2(0x2ba396ac1a88) state=FETCH curiob=0x2ba396adafc8
curflg=8007 fl2=200000 par=0x2ba396ac1a20 ses=0x83b8f158
sqltxt(0x83688078)=
select ts#,file#,block#,nvl(bobj#,0),nvl(tab#,0),intcols,nvl(clucols,0),audit$,flags,pctfree$,pctused$,initrans,maxtrans,rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,analyzetime, samplesize,cols,property,nvl(degree,1),nvl(instances,1),avgspc_flb,flbcnt,kernelcols,nvl(trigflag, 0),nvl(spare1,0),nvl(spare2,0),spare4,spare6 from tab$ where obj#=:1
hash=3a1c00e80fafeffb2547c4fbed754afd
parent=0x8038f1d0 maxchild=01 plk=0x80b3f668 ppn=n
cursor instantiation=0x2ba396adafc8 used=1405865804
child#0(0x83687e48) pcs=0x8038e7f0
clk=0x80b259b0 ci=0x8038e4c8 pn=0x836ead50 ctx=0x7ff93148
kgsccflg=1 llk[0x2ba396adafd0,0x2ba396adafd0] idx=fe
xscflg=e01414f6 fl2=45000401 fl3=4022210c fl4=100
Bind bytecodes
Opcode = 1 Unoptimized
Offsi = 48, Offsi = 0
kkscoacd
Bind#0
oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
kxsbbbfp=2ba3971a9ba0 bln=22 avl=03 flg=05
value=255

4.4 查看SQL语句访问的块
这里是查看报错时的正在访问的块,在上2步中,我们看到了Cursor#2,在10046中可以找到PARSING IN CURSOR #2,可以看到SQL的WAIT中WAIT #2: nam=’db file sequential read’ ela= 254 file#=1 block#=38 blocks=1 obj#=4 tim=1372915825389837,这就代表最后访问的一个块是1,38
另外我们也可以在相同的版本的数据库中去查询
在trace中以1/38去查看,能找到下面的信息
BH (0x79ff8f58) file#: 1 rdba: 0x00400026 (1/38) class: 1 ba: 0x79f68000
set: 3 blksize: 8192 bsi: 0 set-flg: 2 pwbcnt: 0
dbwrid: 0 obj: 2 objn: 4 tsn: 0 afn: 1
hash: [833bebb8,833bebb8] lru: [79ff90e8,79ff8ec8]
obj-flags: object_ckpt_list
ckptq: [829a5d30,829a5d30] fileq: [829a5d50,829a5d50] objq: [80b4d860,80b4d860]
use: [829956a0,829956a0] wait: [NULL]
st: XCURRENT md: SHR tch: 0
flags: buffer_dirty redo_since_read
LRBA: [0x1.3.0] HSCN: [0x1.4000007b] HSUB: [1]
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00400026 (1/38)
scn: 0x0001.4000007b seq: 0x01 flg: 0x00 tail: 0x007b0601
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x0000 type: 0x06=trans data
Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1
在以0x00400026能查找到下面信息
Block header dump: 0x00400026
Object id on Block Y
seg/obj: 0x2 csc: 0x01.4000007b itc: 2 flg: – typ: 1 – DATA
fsl: 0 fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01

Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc
0x01 0x0000.007.00000011 0x00400017.0019.43 C— 0 scn 0x0000.000008f6
0x02 0x0008.012.000000fe 0x008009f2.00dd.02 —- 2 fsc 0x0000.00000000
到此块的信息已经找到了。

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最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00604 ORA-01555产生原因和MOS官方解决办法

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Oracle研究中心

关键词:

ORA-01555

ORA-00604

当前trace文件中怎么找到报错sql访问的块与sql的绑定变量

分析讲解Oracle数据库TRACE跟踪文件