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【学习笔记】Oracle BBED工具使用教程案例 修改ASM中的块

时间:2016-10-27 22:13   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:HTZ   点击:

天萃荷净 Oracle研究中心学习笔记:分享一篇关于Oracle数据库BBED工具的使用案例,通过BBED工具修改Oracle ASM磁盘中的块的详细教程步骤。
现场遇到ASM中的一个数据块损坏,数据库打开后,在5分钟内,数据库就自动关闭了,由于特殊的原因,当时没有使用bbed来直接修改块,采用了其它的方式来正常打开数据库。
下面是测试10G环境中怎么修改ASM中的块,部分步骤在11G中仍然有效。

1,创建测试表

orcleplus.net> create table scott.htz tablespace users as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.
查询表区的信息
orcleplus.net> @extent.sql
Enter value for owner: scott
Enter value for segment_name: htz
Enter value for tablespace_name:

FILE BLOCK
OWNER:SEGMENT_NAME ID FNO EXTENT_ID BEGIN_END BLOCKS SUM_BLOCKS BYTES(KB) SUM_BYTES
————————– —– ———- ——————- ———- ——— ———-
SCOTT.HTZ 4 4 0 57~64 8 8 64 65536
4 4 1 65~72 8 16 64 131072
4 4 2 73~80 8 24 64 196608
4 4 3 81~88 8 32 64 262144
4 4 4 89~96 8 40 64 327680
4 4 5 97~104 8 48 64 393216
4 4 6 105~112 8 56 64 458752
4 4 7 113~120 8 64 64 524288
4 4 8 121~128 8 72 64 589824
4 4 9 129~136 8 80 64 655360
4 4 10 137~144 8 88 64 720896
4 4 11 145~152 8 96 64 786432
4 4 12 153~160 8 104 64 851968
4 4 13 161~168 8 112 64 917504
4 4 14 169~176 8 120 64 983040
4 4 15 177~184 8 128 64 1048576
4 4 16 265~392 128 256 1024 2097152
4 4 17 393~520 128 384 1024 3145728
4 4 18 521~648 128 512 1024 4194304
4 4 19 649~776 128 640 1024 5242880
4 4 20 777~904 128 768 1024 6291456
4 4 21 1673~1800 128 896 1024 7340032
4 4 22 1801~1928 128 1024 1024 8388608
4 4 23 1929~2056 128 1152 1024 9437184
4 4 24 2057~2184 128 1280 1024 10485760
4 4 25 2185~2312 128 1408 1024 11534336
5 5 26 9~136 128 128 1024 1048576
5 5 27 137~264 128 256 1024 2097152
5 5 28 265~392 128 384 1024 3145728
5 5 29 393~520 128 512 1024 4194304
5 5 30 521~648 128 640 1024 5242880
5 5 31 649~776 128 768 1024 6291456
5 5 32 777~904 128 896 1024 7340032
5 5 33 905~1032 128 1024 1024 8388608
5 5 34 1033~1160 128 1152 1024 9437184
4 4 35 2313~2440 128 1536 1024 12582912

FILE BLOCK
OWNER:SEGMENT_NAME ID FNO EXTENT_ID BEGIN_END BLOCKS SUM_BLOCKS BYTES(KB) SUM_BYTES
————————– —– ———- ——————- ———- ——— ———-
SCOTT.HTZ 4 4 36 2441~2568 128 1664 1024 13631488
********************* ——- ———
Total: 2816 22528
这里通过extent脚本主要是想找到块是位置那个数据文件中的那一个extent,用于后面确认块在asm磁盘中的那个块上。
orcleplus.net> select rowid,dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) fno,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) block from scott.htz where owner=’SCOTT’;

ROWID FNO BLOCK
—————— ———- ———-
AAAMpMAAEAAAAC1ABE 4 181
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAM 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAN 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAO 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAP 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAQ 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAR 4 843
AAAMpMAAEAAAAcDAAj 4 1795
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAm 4 2194
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAn 4 2194
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAo 4 2194
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAp 4 2194
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAq 4 2194
AAAMpMAAEAAAAiSAAr 4 2194

这里我们以843这个块为例来操作。修改AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAO 这行中的owner值,将SCOTT改修改为HUANG
查看rowid的信息
orcleplus.net> @rowid_to_info.sql
Enter value for rowid: AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAO
ROWID_TYPE: 1
OBJECT_NUMBER: 51788
RELATIVE_FNO: 4
BLOCK_NUMBER: 843
ROW_NUMBER: 14 在bbed修改的时候要用到

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

查询数据文件的路径
orcleplus.net> /

FILE# NAME
———- ———————————————–
4 +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/users.262.853485885
3 +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/sysaux.264.853485883
2 +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/undotbs1.263.853485885
1 +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/system.265.853485883
2,使用copy脚本将asm块COPY来文件系统并修改
orcleplus.net> @asm_copy_block_to_file.sql
Enter value for asm_datafile_name: +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/users.262.853485885
Enter value for block_id_in_datafile: 843
Enter value for number_of_blocks: 1
Enter value for filesystem_filename: /tmp/843.dmp

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
这里直接实现的asm_copy_block_to_file.sql这个脚本来实现。
下面是通过oracle来dump块,主要是为了验证脚本COPY出来的块是否正确
orcleplus.net> alter system dump datafile 4 block 843;

System altered.

orcleplus.net> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
orcleplus.net> oradebug tracefile_name;
/oracle/app/oracle/admin/asm19g/udump/asm19g_ora_4363.trc

[oracle@oracleplus.net sql]$ls -l /tmp/843.dmp
-rw-r—– 1 oracle dba 16384 Jul 21 10:40 /tmp/843.dmp

Block header dump: 0x0100034b
Object id on Block Y
seg/obj: 0xca4c csc: 0x00.61125 itc: 3 flg: E typ: 1 – DATA
brn: 0 bdba: 0x100030a ver: 0x01 opc: 0
inc: 0 exflg: 0

Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc
0x01 0xffff.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 C— 0 scn 0x0000.00061125
0x02 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 —- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000
0x03 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 —- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000

data_block_dump,data header at 0x116d9a7c
===============
tsiz: 0x1f80
hsiz: 0x8a
pbl: 0x116d9a7c
bdba: 0x0100034b
76543210
flag=——–
ntab=1
nrow=60
frre=-1
fsbo=0x8a
fseo=0x4a5
avsp=0x41b
tosp=0x41b

下面使用bbed来修改指定的行的内容

BBED> x /rccn *kdbr[14]
rowdata[5498] @6811
————-
flag@6811: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@6812: 0x00
cols@6813: 13

col 0[5] @6814: SCOTT
col 1[3] @6820: EMP
col 2[0] @6824: *NULL*
col 3[4] @6825: 51575
col 4[4] @6830: 51575


BBED> set offset 6815这里是6814加上长度就可以了
OFFSET 6815

BBED> set count 10
COUNT 10

BBED> dump
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6815 to 6824 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
53434f54 5403454d 50ff

<32 bytes per line>


BBED> modify /x 4855414e(select dump(‘HUANG’,16) from dual;可以得到值)
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed (Y/N) y
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6815 to 6824 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
4855414e 5403454d 50ff

<32 bytes per line>

BBED> set offset +4
OFFSET 6819

BBED> modify /x 47
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6819 to 6828 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
4703454d 50ff04c3 0610

<32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump offset 6815
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6815 to 6824 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
4855414e 4703454d 50ff

<32 bytes per line>


BBED> dump /v
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6815 to 6824 Dba:0x00000000
——————————————————-
4855414e 4703454d 50ff l HUANG.EMP.

<16 bytes per line>


BBED> x /rccn *kdbr[14]
rowdata[5498] @6811
————-
flag@6811: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@6812: 0x00
cols@6813: 13

col 0[5] @6814: HUANG
col 1[3] @6820: EMP
col 2[0] @6824: *NULL*
col 3[4] @6825: 51575
col 4[4] @6830: 51575


BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 1:
current = 0x076e, required = 0x076e

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY – Verification starting
FILE = /tmp/843.dmp
BLOCK = 1

Block 1 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01000001 (file 0, block 1)
Bad header found during verification
Data in bad block:
type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x0100034b
last change scn: 0x0000.0006116f seq: 0x2 flg: 0x04
spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
consistency value in tail: 0x116f0602
check value in block header: 0x76e
computed block checksum: 0x0
这里看到verify报错是因为rdba地址与计算的地址不一致导致的,如果是坏块,这里建议先修改rdba地址为01000001后,再修改verify,用于验证其它地方是否有报错,无报错手,再将rdba地址修改回来。

DBVERIFY – Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt : 1
Total Blocks Influx : 0

使用asm_copy_block_to_asm.sql将修改的块copy到数据文件中
这里在copy之前建议将数据文件offline,防止修改数据块。
orcleplus.net> @asm_copy_block_to_asm.sql
Enter value for filesystem_filename: /tmp/843.dmp
Enter value for asm_datafile_name: +DATA_E/asm19g/datafile/users.262.853485885
Enter value for block_id_in_datafile: 843

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


orcleplus.net> select rowid,dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) fno,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) block from scott.htz where owner=‘HUANG’;

ROWID FNO BLOCK
—————— ———- ———-
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAO 4 843
这里看到已经从SCOTT修改到HUANG了

3,使用dd来实现COPY功能

使用dd将数据块COPY来文件系统,我们需要构建一个OS块,关于OS块的构建,方法很简单,可以直接从其它的地方DD一个块过来就可以了,这里我实现使用之前的那个OS块

下面测试是将HUANG更改为ZHONG
查找843这个块公交车
orcleplus.net> @asm_block_by_datafile_block.sql
Enter value for block: 843
Enter value for file_number: 262
Enter value for file_type: datafile
Enter value for filename:

DATAFILE DISK_NUMBER
NUMBER_NAME DISK_NMAE DISK_BLOCK
—————————— ————————- ———-
262.USERS.262.853485885 3.VOL5 29515
此脚本只适用10G数据库,不适用11G的环境
这里可以看到843这个块位于DISK VOL5的29515这个块

下面将磁盘中的块dd出来跟之前ASM复制出来的块进行对比
[oracle@oracleplus.net sql]$./asm_find_asmlib_disk_by_kfed.sh
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL1
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc1
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL2
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc2
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc3
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL5
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc5
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL6
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc6
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL7
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc7
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL8
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc8
ASMLIB disk name: /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL9
ASM disk name:
Device path: /dev/sdc9

[root@oracleplus.net ~]#dd if=/dev/sdc5 bs=8192 skip=29515 count=1 |od -x|more
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
8http://www.oracleplus.net192 bytes (8.2 kB) copied, 0.034031 seconds, 241 kB/s
0000000 a206 0000 034b 0100 116f 0006 0000 0402
0000020 076e 0000 0001 0000 ca4c 0000 1125 0006
0000040 0000 0000 0003 0032 030a 0100 ffff 0000
0000060 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 8000 0000
0000100 1125 0006 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000120 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
*
0000160 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0100 003c
0000200 ffff 008a 04a5 041b 041b 0000 003c 1f1c
0000220 1ebf 1e59 1dfb 1d93 1d32 1cdd 1c7d 1c1e
0000240 1bbe 1b64 1b0e 1abc 1a6d 1a1f 19ce 197e
0000260 192b 18ad 1832 17ba 173b 16c1 164d 15ca
0000300 1549 14c0 143c 13b7 1340 12c8 124c 11d2
0000320 1158 10d6 104c 0fc9 0f53 0ed0 0e48 0dc1
0000340 0d49 0cce 0c59 0bde 0b66 0aec 0a6f 09f9
0000360 0980 090e 0899 081f 07a0 0726 06a9 0627
0000400 05a2 0525 04a5 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000420 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000


[root@oracleplus.net ~]#od -x /tmp/843.dmp |more
0000000 a200 0000 0000 ffc0 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000020 fa67 0000 2000 0000 0001 0000 7c7d 7a7b
0000040 81a0 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000060 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
*
0020000 a206 0000 034b 0100 116f 0006 0000 0402
0020020 076e 0000 0001 0000 ca4c 0000 1125 0006
0020040 0000 0000 0003 0032 030a 0100 ffff 0000
0020060 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 8000 0000
0020100 1125 0006 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0020120 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
*
0020160 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0100 003c
0020200 ffff 008a 04a5 041b 041b 0000 003c 1f1c
0020220 1ebf 1e59 1dfb 1d93 1d32 1cdd 1c7d 1c1e
0020240 1bbe 1b64 1b0e 1abc 1a6d 1a1f 19ce 197e
0020260 192b 18ad 1832 17ba 173b 16c1 164d 15ca
0020300 1549 14c0 143c 13b7 1340 12c8 124c 11d2
0020320 1158 10d6 104c 0fc9 0f53 0ed0 0e48 0dc1
0020340 0d49 0cce 0c59 0bde 0b66 0aec 0a6f 09f9
0020360 0980 090e 0899 081f 07a0 0726 06a9 0627
0020400 05a2 0525 04a5 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0020420 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
这里我们只需要对比dba地址就可以了。

[root@oracleplus.net ~]#dd if=/dev/sdc5 of=/tmp/843.dmp skip=29515 bs=8192 count=1 seek=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
8192 bytes (8.2 kB) copied, 4.1e-05 seconds, 200 MB/s

bbed修改块的内容
BBED> x /rcc *kdbr[14]
rowdata[5498] @6811
————-
flag@6811: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@6812: 0x00
cols@6813: 13

col 0[5] @6814: HUANG
col 1[3] @6820: EMP
col 2[0] @6824: *NULL*
col 3[4] @6825: .L
col 4[4] @6830: .L
col 5[5] @6835: TABLE
col 6[7] @6841: xn…+.
col 7[7] @6849: xn…+.
col 8[19] @6857: 2010-04-20:08:42:07
col 9[5] @6877: VALID
col 10[1] @6883: N
col 11[1] @6885: N
col 12[1] @6887: N


BBED> set mode edit
MODE Edit

BBED> modify /x 5a484f4e
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed (Y/N)
BBED-00311: unable to edit without a BIFILE


BBED> set count 10
BBED> modify /x 5a484f4e
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed (Y/N) y
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6815 to 7326 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
5a484f4e 4703454d 50ff04c3 06104c04 c306104c 05544142 4c450778 6e041409
BBED> set offset +4
OFFSET 6819

BBED> set count 10
COUNT 10

BBED> modify /x 47
File: /tmp/843.dmp (0)
Block: 1 Offsets: 6819 to 6828 Dba:0x00000000
————————————————————————
4703454d 50ff04c3 0610

<32 bytes per line>

BBED>



BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 1:
current = 0x1b73, required = 0x1b73

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY – Verification starting
FILE = /tmp/843.dmp
BLOCK = 1

Block 1 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01000001 (file 0, block 1)
Bad header found during verification
Data in bad block:
type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x0100034b
last change scn: 0x0000.0006116f seq: 0x2 flg: 0x04
spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
consistency value in tail: 0x116f0602
check value in block header: 0x1b73
computed block checksum: 0x0


DBVERIFY – Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt : 1
Total Blocks Influx : 0


[root@oracleplus.net ~]#dd if=/tmp/843.dmp of=/dev/sdc5 skip=1 bs=8192 count=1 seek=29515 conv=notrunc
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
8192 bytes (8.2 kB) copied, 6.2e-05 seconds, 132 MB/s
这里千万要记住,conv=notrunc,不然后面的数据就被切断了,丢失了。
已经看到数据了

orcleplus.net> select rowid,dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) fno,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) block from scott.htz where owner=’ZHONG’;

ROWID FNO BLOCK
—————— ———- ———-
AAAMpMAAEAAAANLAAO 4 843
这里已经看到数据已经从HUANG更改到ZHONG了。

本文固定链接: http://www.htz.pw/2014/08/18/bbed%e4%bf%ae%e6%94%b9asm%e4%b8%ad%e7%9a%84%e5%9d%97%e6%9c%80%e6%96%b0%e7%89%88%e6%9c%ac.html | 认真就输

--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【学习笔记】Oracle BBED工具使用教程案例 修改ASM中的块

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关键词:

Oracle bbed工具使用方法教程

如何使用Oracle bbed工具修改ASM磁盘中的块