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【案例】Oracle报错ORA-06552 ORA-06553 ORA-006508解决办法

时间:2016-10-29 16:44   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:HTZ   点击:

天萃荷净 Oracle研究中心案例分析:运维DBA反映Oracle数据库alert日志中出现大量ORA-06552 ORA-06553 ORA-006508报错,分析原因为存储过程异常导致,结合MOS官方解决办法。
下面数据库来至于一个朋友,他们生产数据库alert.log后台不到的停下面类似的错误,每次报错都是不同的存储过程名。
Errors in file D:\APP\LUOPING\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_q000_8400.trc:
ORA-04045: errors during recompilation/revalidation of SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS
ORA-06552: PL/SQL: Compilation unit analysis terminated
ORA-06553: PLS-905: object SYS.AQ$_SUBSCRIBERS is invalid
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: could not find program unit being called: "SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS"
ORA-06512: at line 1

Mon Aug 11 10:55:55 2014
ORA-942 encountered when generating server alert SMG-4120
ORA-942 encountered when generating server alert SMG-4121

OCI error in kwqrNonDurSubCln is OCIStmtExecute : return value -1 code 4045 buf ORA-04045: errors during recompilation/revalidation of SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS
ORA-06552: PL/SQL: Compilation unit analysis terminated
ORA-06553: PLS-905: object SYS.AQ$_SUBSCRIBERS is invalid
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: could not find program unit being called: "SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS"
ORA-06512: at line 1


KSV 4045 error in slave process

*** 2014-08-11 10:55:26.426
ORA-04045: errors during recompilation/revalidation of SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS
ORA-06552: PL/SQL: Compilation unit analysis terminated
ORA-06553: PLS-905: object SYS.AQ$_SUBSCRIBERS is invalid
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: could not find program unit being called: "SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS"
ORA-06512: at line 1
OPIRIP: Uncaught error 447. Error stack:
ORA-00447: fatal error in background process
ORA-04045: errors during recompilation/revalidation of SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS
ORA-06552: PL/SQL: Compilation unit analysis terminated
ORA-06553: PLS-905: object SYS.AQ$_SUBSCRIBERS is invalid
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: could not find program unit being called: "SYS.DBMS_AQADM_SYS"
ORA-06512: at line 1
exp,rman,expdp这些工具都不能使用。

下面是处理过程。
直接tar的朋友数据文件过来操作的

1,修改文件的路径名

alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\SYSTEM01.DBF’;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSAUX01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\SYSAUX01.DBF’ ;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\UNDOTBS01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\UNDOTBS01.DBF’ ;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\USERS01.DBF’ ;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\DRSYS01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\DRSYS01.DBF’ ;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\INDX01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\INDX01.DBF’ ;
alter database rename file ‘Z:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\TOOLS01.DBF’ to ‘D:\test\orcl\orcl\TOOLS01.DBF’ ;
………………………………………..
这里包括数据文件,日志文件,日志文件。

2,数据库正常打开

SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE
——————–
READ WRITE

3,查看数据库的版本与组件状态

SQL> @db_version.sql

会话已更改。


BANNER
——————————————————————————–
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production


COMP_ID COMP_NAME SCHEMA VERSION STATUS
————— ————————————————– ————— ———- —————-
XDB Oracle XML Database XDB 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
OWM Oracle Workspace Manager WMSYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATPROC Oracle Database Packages and Types SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATALOG Oracle Database Catalog Views SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID


ACTION_TIME ACTION NAMESPACE VERSION ID BUNDLE_SERIES COMMENTS
—————————— ———- ———- ———- ———- ————— ——————-
2014-01-13 21:39:31.387000 APPLY SERVER 11.2.0.3 0 PSU Patchset 11.2.0.2.0
这里看到组件的状态都是VALID的,不过怀疑是假象。

4,查看无效对象

SQL> select owner,count(*) from dba_objects where owner in (‘SYS’,’SYSTEM’) group by owner order by owner;

OWNER COUNT(*)
—————————— ———-
SYS 9614
SYSTEM 649
这里发现sys,system有大量的无效对象。

5,utlrp编译无效对象

SQL> alter system set "_system_trig_enabled"=false;

系统已更改。
这里将system_trig_enabled参数更改为false,因为怀疑是底层一些表或者是过程包出了问题。
SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
运行到下面的时候报错
SQL> DECLARE
2 threads pls_integer := &&1;
3 BEGIN
4 utl_recomp.recomp_parallel(threads);
5 END;
6 /
DECLARE
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-04063: package body "SYS.DBMS_STATS" 有错误
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: 无法找到正在调用 : "SYS.DBMS_STATS" 的程序单元
ORA-06512: 在 "SYS.UTL_RECOMP", line 829
ORA-06512: 在 line 4
这里也提示了SYS.DBMS_STATS有问题。

6,配置10046,errorstack跟踪错误信息

SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12;
SQL> oradebug event 4063 trace name errorstack level 12;
已处理的语句
这里没有发现太多有用的信息

7,重建dbms_stats工具

SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/dbmsstat.sql
SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/prvtstas.plb
SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/prvtstai.plb
警告: 创建的包体带有编译错误。

PACKAGE BODY DBMS_STATS_INTERNAL 出现错误:

LINE/COL ERROR
——– —————————————————————–
2789/13 PLS-00323: 子程序或游标 ‘GATHER_SQL_STATS’ 已在程序包说明中声明,
必须在程序包体中对其进行定义。

6909/3 PL/SQL: Item ignored
6912/26 PLS-00905: 对象 SYS.SQL_BINDS 无效
SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/prvtstat.plb

警告: 创建的包体带有编译错误。

PACKAGE BODY DBMS_STATS 出现错误:

LINE/COL ERROR
——– —————————————————————–
2049/3 PL/SQL: Item ignored
2049/34 PLS-00905: 对象 SYS.XMLTYPE 无效
20320/3 PL/SQL: Item ignored
20323/25 PLS-00905: 对象 SYS.XMLTYPE 无效
20603/25 PL/SQL: Item ignored
20603/25 PLS-00905: 对象 SYS.XMLTYPE 无效
20604/25 PL/SQL: Item ignored
20604/25 PLS-00905: 对象 SYS.SQL_BINDS 无效
20747/7 PL/SQL: Statement ignored
20747/7 PLS-00320: 此表达式的类型声明不完整或格式不正确
20779/5 PL/SQL: Statement ignored

LINE/COL ERROR
——– —————————————————————–
20782/31 PLS-00320: 此表达式的类型声明不完整或格式不正确
20797/5 PL/SQL: Statement ignored
20797/45 PLS-00320: 此表达式的类型声明不完整或格式不正确
SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(‘SCOTT’,’EMP’);
BEGIN dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(‘SCOTT’,’EMP’); END;

*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-04063: package body "SYS.DBMS_STATS" 有错误
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: 无法找到正在调用 : "SYS.DBMS_STATS" 的程序单元
ORA-06512: 在 line 1
这里又报了一些其它的东西。

8,重新再跑建库脚本

@ /rdbms/admin/catalog.sql
@ /rdbms/admin/catproc.sql
@ /sqlplus/admin/pupbld.sql
还是报错


SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(‘SCOTT’,’EMP’);
BEGIN dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(‘SCOTT’,’EMP’); END;

*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-04063: package body "SYS.DBMS_SQLTUNE" 有错误
ORA-06508: PL/SQL: 无法找到正在调用 : "SYS.DBMS_SQLTUNE" 的程序单元
ORA-06512: 在 "SYS.DBMS_STATS", line 23829
ORA-06512: 在 "SYS.DBMS_STATS", line 23880
ORA-06512: 在 line 1
报这个错误

9,处理dbms_sqltune报错

SQL> drop public synonym XMLCONCAT;

同义词已删除。

SQL> alter package DBMS_SQLTUNE_INTERNAL compile body;

程序包体已变更。
再跑建库脚本
再次收集统计信息
SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(‘SCOTT’,’EMP’);

PL/SQL 过程已成功完成。
已经正常

10,处理无效对象

SQL> select owner,count(*) from dba_objects where status=’INVALID’ and owner in (‘SYS’,’SYSTEM’) group by owner;

OWNER COUNT(*)
—————————— ———-
SYSTEM 30
SYS 2516


SQL> @ /rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
DOC> The following query reports the number of errors caught during
DOC> recompilation. If this number is non-zero, please query the error
DOC> messages in the table UTL_RECOMP_ERRORS to see if any of these errors
DOC> are due to misconfiguration or resource constraints that must be
DOC> fixed before objects can compile successfully.
DOC>#

ERRORS DURING RECOMPILATION
—————————
4


函数已创建。


PL/SQL 过程已成功完成。


函数已删除。

Warning: XDB now invalid, could not find xdbconfig

PL/SQL 过程已成功完成。

这里只有8个无效对象了

SQL> select owner,object_name,object_type ,status from dba_objects where status=’INVALID’ and OWNER=’SYS’;

OWNER OBJECT_NAME OBJECT_TYPE STATUS
———- ————————————————– ——————- ——-
SYS XS$CATVIEW_UTIL PACKAGE BODY INVALID
SYS DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN PACKAGE BODY INVALID
SYS DBMS_XS_PRINCIPAL_EVENTS_INT PACKAGE BODY INVALID
SYS AQ$AQ_EVENT_TABLE VIEW INVALID
SYS AQ$_AQ_EVENT_TABLE_F VIEW INVALID
SYSOracleoracleplus.net AQ$SCHEDULER$_REMDB_JOBQTAB VIEW INVALID
SYS AQ$_SCHEDULER$_REMDB_JOBQTAB_F VIEW INVALID
SYS KUPW$WORKER PACKAGE BODY INVALID

11,xdb无效处理

SQL> @db_version.sql

会话已更改。


BANNER
——————————————————————————–
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production


COMP_ID COMP_NAME SCHEMA VERSION STATUS
————— ————————————————– ————— ———- ———————
XDB Oracle XML Database XDB 11.2.0.3.0 INVALID
OWM Oracle Workspace Manager WMSYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATPROC Oracle Database Packages and Types SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATALOG Oracle Database Catalog Views SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID

SQL> grant execute on dbms_lob to xdb;
SQL> grant execute on utl_file to xdb;
SQL> startup upgrade
SQL> /rdbms/adminxdbrelod.sql

12,故障处理完成

SQL> set echo off

会话已更改。


BANNER
——————————————————————————–
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production

已选择5行。


COMP_ID COMP_NAME SCHEMA VERSION STATUS
————— ————————————————– ————— ———- ——
XDB Oracle XML Database XDB 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
OWM Oracle Workspace Manager WMSYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATPROC Oracle Database Packages and Types SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
CATALOG Oracle Database Catalog Views SYS 11.2.0.3.0 VALID
最后朋友得知,是由于有人误删除了底层表导致的。
本文固定链接: http://www.htz.pw/2014/08/11/alert%e4%b8%8d%e5%81%9c%e6%8a%a5ora-06552ora-06553ora-006508%e9%94%99%e8%af%af.html | 认真就输

--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【案例】Oracle报错ORA-06552 ORA-06553 ORA-006508解决办法

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Oracle研究中心

关键词:

ORA-06553

ORA-06552

ORA-006508

Oracle报错ORA-06552 ORA-06553 ORA-006508产生原因和MOS官方解决办法