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学习笔记:Oracle dump 异机导出导出实现登录和源端用户不同方法

时间:2016-05-17 22:32   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净

Oracle Data pump数据泵,实现不同服务器进行expdp导出并在本地导入(登录用户和源端用户不一致处理)

1、Oracle数据库测试环境准备工作

[oracle@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 09:08:04 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options

SQL> create user test identified by xifenfei;

User created.

SQL> grant connect,resource to test;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options

2、Oracle数据泵远程expdp导出数据

[oracle@node1 ~]$  expdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=chf.T2_1

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:09:35 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
ORA-39002: invalid operation
ORA-39070: Unable to open the log file.
ORA-39087: directory name TEST_DIR is invalid
--对目录需要相关权限

[oracle@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 09:09:59 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options

SQL> grant read,write on directory test_dir to test;

Grant succeeded.

SQL>  expdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=chf.T2_1
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "expdp test..." - rest of line ignored.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@node1 ~]$  expdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=chf.T2_1

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:10:23 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
ORA-31631: privileges are required
ORA-39109: Unprivileged users may not operate upon other users' schemas
--执行导出用户需要相关权限exp_full_database

[oracle@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 09:11:54 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options

SQL> grant exp_full_database  to test;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> exit 
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@node1 ~]$  expdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=chf.T2_1

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:14:29 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
Starting "TEST"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01":  test/******** directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=chf.T2_1 
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 22 MB
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
. . exported "CHF"."T2_1"                                9.326 MB  100000 rows
Master table "TEST"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for TEST.SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01 is:
  /tmp/t1.dmp
Job "TEST"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at 09:14:35
--实现用test登录,导出源端chf用户下面的表

[oracle@node1 ~]$ rm /tmp/t1.dmp
[oracle@node1 ~]$  expdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir dumpfile=t1.dmp network_link=dblink_test tables=T2_1

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:14:57 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
ORA-39001: invalid argument value
ORA-39195: At least one schema in the TABLE_FILTER does not exist.
--如果当前登录用户和表所属用户不同,需要指定schema的名称

3、Oracle数据泵impdp导入数据到目标端

[oracle@node1 ~]$ impdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir network_link=dblink_test REMAP_SCHEMA=chf:xff REMAP_TABLESPACE=odu:users tables=chf.t2_1

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:45:38 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
ORA-31631: privileges are required
ORA-39109: Unprivileged users may not operate upon other users' schemas
--登录用户需要imp_full_database权限

[oracle@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 09:46:41 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options

SQL> grant imp_full_database to test;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@node1 ~]$ impdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir network_link=dblink_test REMAP_SCHEMA=chf:xff REMAP_TABLESPACE=odu:users tables=chf.t2_1

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:46:59 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
Starting "TEST"."SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01":  test/******** directory=test_dir network_link=dblink_test REMAP_SCHEMA=chf:xff REMAP_TABLESPACE=odu:users tables=chf.t2_1 
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 22 MB
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
. . imported "XFF"."T2_1"                                100000 rows
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Job "TEST"."SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at 09:47:07
--使用test用户登录,目标端用户为xff,源端用户为chf

[oracle@node1 ~]$ impdp test/xifenfei directory=test_dir network_link=dblink_test REMAP_SCHEMA=chf:xff REMAP_TABLESPACE=odu:users tables=t2_1

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Nov 30 09:52:54 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP, Data Mining,
Oracle Database Vault and Real Application Testing options
ORA-39001: invalid argument value
ORA-39195: At least one schema in the TABLE_FILTER does not exist.
--不同用户时,需要指定源端表所属用户

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最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之学习笔记:Oracle dump 异机导出导出实现登录和源端用户不同方法

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/195.html

Oracle研究中心

关键词:

Oracle dump

异机导出导出实现登录和源端用户不同方法

network_link实现数据泵在不同服务器之间导和导出