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学习笔记:Linux多路径配置 multipath实现设备用户组绑定详细设置

时间:2016-06-05 22:06   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 Linux多路径软件配置,通过multipath实现设备用户组绑定详细设置

现在的Linux系统中,很多都会使用系统自带的multipath多路径软件,在以前的版本中,我们一般通过multipath+udev或者multipath+rc.local来实现多路径和权限设置,而在redhat 5.3-5.11的版本中multipath就直接可以实现多路径聚合、设备持久化、用户组设置

1.查看Linux操作系统版本

[root@rac1 dev]# uname -r
2.6.39-300.26.1.el5uek

[root@rac1 dev]# more /etc/issue
Oracle Linux Server release 5.9
Kernel \r on an \m

fdisk记录

[root@rac1 dev]# fdisk -l 
…………
Disk /dev/sdh: 134.2 GB, 134217728000 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 16317 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System

Disk /dev/sdi: 33.5 GB, 33554432000 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 32000 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System

2.安装多路径multipath包

检查安装multipath相关包(该版本系统默认安装)

[root@rac1 dev]# rpm -aq|grep mapper
device-mapper-multipath-libs-0.4.9-56.0.3.el5
device-mapper-event-1.02.67-2.el5
device-mapper-1.02.67-2.el5
device-mapper-multipath-0.4.9-56.0.3.el5

3.获取硬盘的wwid值

[root@rac1 dev]# /sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s /block/sdh
14f504e46494c45527049754962662d395751372d68356743
[root@rac1 dev]# /sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s /block/sdi
14f504e46494c4552484d486249782d464471382d354f4b58

获取uid和gid

[root@rac1 dev]# id grid
uid=1100(grid) gid=54321(oinstall) groups=54321(oinstall),1020(asmadmin),1021(asmdba)

multipath.conf配置

[root@rac1 dev]# vi /etc/multipath.conf

defaults {
user_friendly_names no
queue_without_daemon no
flush_on_last_del yes
max_fds max
}

blacklist {
devnode "^hd[a-z]"
devnode "^(ram|raw|loop|fd|md|dm-|sr|scd|st)[0-9]*"
devnode "^cciss.*"
}

devices {
        device {
                vendor                  "OPNFILER "
                product                 "LUN"
                path_grouping_policy    group_by_prio
                features             "3 queue_if_no_path pg_init_retries 50"
                getuid_callout          "/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s /block/%n"
                path_checker            tur
                path_selector           "round-robin 0"
                hardware_handler        "1 alua"
                failback               immediate
                rr_weight              uniform
                rr_min_io             128
        }
}

multipaths {
        multipath {
                wwid                    14f504e46494c45527049754962662d395751372d68356743  #wwid
                alias                   oracleplus128
                uid                     1100                                               #uid
                gid                     1020                                               #gid
        }



        multipath {
                wwid                    14f504e46494c4552484d486249782d464471382d354f4b58   #wwid
                alias                   oracleplus32                                          
                uid                     1100                                                #uid
                gid                     1020                                                #gid
         }
}

4.启动multipath多路径软件

[root@rac1 dev]# modprobe dm-multipath 
[root@rac1 dev]# modprobe dm-round-robin 
[root@rac1 dev]# chkconfig multipathd on
[root@rac1 dev]# service multipathd start 
Starting multipathd daemon: [  OK  ]
[root@rac1 dev]# multipath -F
[root@rac1 dev]# multipath -v2
create: oracleplus128 (14f504e46494c45527049754962662d395751372d68356743) undef OPNFILER,VIRTUAL-DISK
size=125G features='0' hwhandler='0' wp=undef
`-+- policy='round-robin 0' prio=1 status=undef
  `- 3:0:0:9  sdh 8:112 undef ready  running
create: oracleplus32 (14f504e46494c4552484d486249782d464471382d354f4b58) undef OPNFILER,VIRTUAL-DISK
size=31G features='0' hwhandler='0' wp=undef
`-+- policy='round-robin 0' prio=1 status=undef
  `- 3:0:0:10 sdi 8:128 undef ready  running

5.查看生成多路径设备

注意设备名称、组、用户

[root@rac1 dev]# ls -l /dev/mapper/oracleplus*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 252, 2 Jan  7 21:21 /dev/mapper/oracleplus128
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 252, 3 Jan  7 21:21 /dev/mapper/oracleplus32

补充Linux 6.x中udev设置所属组和权限
对于linux 6.x,multipath不能设置磁盘所属组和权限,可以通过udev进行实现,类似配置如下

[root@bxrac03 mapper]#cat 99-diskownership.rules

SUBSYSTEM!="block", GOTO="quickexit"
KERNEL!="dm-*", GOTO="quickexit"
PROGRAM=="/sbin/dmsetup info -c --noheadings -o name -m %m -j %M"
RESULT=="*ocr*", OWNER="grid", GROUP="oinstall", MODE="0660"
RESULT=="*oradata", OWNER="grid", GROUP="oinstall", MODE="0660"
RESULT=="*backup", OWNER="grid", GROUP="oinstall", MODE="0660"
LABEL="quickexit"

其中RESULT和dm的别名向匹配
 


--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之学习笔记:Linux多路径配置 multipath实现设备用户组绑定详细设置

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/286.html

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关键词:

Linux多路径配置

multipath实现设备用户组绑定设置