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案例:Oracle报错ORA-00600[kcratr1_lostwrt] ORA-00600[3020]

时间:2016-06-08 16:46   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 数据库服务器断电,导致数据库无法启动,查看alert日志发现ORA-00600[kcratr1_lostwrt] ORA-00600[3020]报错,分析原因为回滚undo表空间故障导致

1.open数据库无法启动alert日志报ORA-00600错误

Mon May 14 14:57:28 2012
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Mon May 14 14:57:29 2012
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Mon May 14 14:57:29 2012
Started redo scan
Mon May 14 14:57:29 2012
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\cqgasold\udump\cqgasold_ora_504.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [kcratr1_lostwrt], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open...

查询相关SCN
同一个查询中SCN相同,省略

SQL> select file#,online_status "STATUS",to_char(change#,'9999999999999999') "SCN",
  2  To_char(time,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')"TIME" from v$recover_file;

未选定行

SQL> select file#,to_char(checkpoint_change#,'999999999999999') "SCN",
  2  to_char(last_change#,'999999999999999')"STOP_SCN" from v$datafile;

     FILE# SCN              STOP_SCN                                            
---------- ---------------- ----------------                                    
         1       7842987188                                                     
         2       7842987188                                                     
         3       7842987188                                                     

SQL> select file#,to_char(checkpoint_change#,'9999999999999999') "SCN",
  2  to_char(RESETLOGS_CHANGE#,'9999999999999999') "RESETLOGS SCN"
  3  from v$datafile_header;

     FILE# SCN               RESETLOGS SCN                                      
---------- ----------------- -----------------                                  
         1        7842991811                 1                                  
         2        7842991811                 1                                  
         3        7842991811                 1                                  

这里看到奇怪现象datafile scn小于datafile_header scn,数据库异常断电一般来说也不会出现这样的情况,个人猜测是错误的恢复或者使用历史控制文件导致,对于这样的现状,我先尝试着使用using backup controlfile方式恢复,结果失败.估计控制文件有异常,本着先拉起库原则,重建控制文件.

2.进行oracle数据库完全恢复

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [3020], [8388617], [1], [23403], [25], [112],[], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 2, block# 9)
ORA-10564: tablespace UNDOTBS1
ORA-01110: 数据文件 2: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\CQGASOLD\UNDO_1.DBF'
ORA-10560: block type 'KTU SMU HEADER BLOCK'

3.尝试跳过坏块恢复数据库

SQL> recover database allow 1 corruption;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [3020], [8388610], [1], [23403], [2264], [16],[], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 2, block# 2)
ORA-10564: tablespace UNDOTBS1
ORA-01110: 数据文件 2: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\CQGASOLD\UNDO_1.DBF'
ORA-10560: block type 'KTFB Bitmapped File Space Header'

4.使用dbv检查坏块数量

C:\>dbv file='d:\oracle\oradata\cqgasold\undo_1.dbf' blocksize=8192

DBVERIFY: Release 9.2.0.5.0 - Production on 星期二 5月 15 19:43:42 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - 验证正在开始 : FILE = d:\oracle\oradata\cqgasold\undo_1.dbf

DBV-00200: 块, dba 8388617, 已经标记为崩溃
汇入的页369 - 可能是介质损坏
***
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00800171 (file 2, block 369)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block -
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x00800171
 last change scn: 0x0001.d37c57db seq: 0x1 flg: 0x04
 consistency value in tail: 0x4e930260
 check value in block header: 0x8202, computed block checksum: 0x4e5f
 spare1: 0x0, spare2: 0x0, spare3: 0x0
***

汇入的页417 - 可能是介质损坏
***
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x008001a1 (file 2, block 417)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block -
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x008001a1
 last change scn: 0x0001.d37c53d4 seq: 0x2 flg: 0x04
 consistency value in tail: 0x4b6b0201
 check value in block header: 0x6ae7, computed block checksum: 0x5abc
 spare1: 0x0, spare2: 0x0, spare3: 0x0
***
…………
--类此记录很多,我放弃了跳过坏块修复的方法

恢复过程中提示坏块数据库文件离线恢复

SQL> alter database datafile 'd:\oracle\oradata\cqgasold\undo_1.dbf' offline;

数据库已更改。

SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR 位于第 1 行:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 层 1 出现错误
ORA-00376: 此时无法读取文件 2
ORA-01110: 数据文件 2: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\CQGASOLD\UNDO_1.DBF'

到了这一步,根据经验,数据库被open的可能性很多了,很有可能是open以后因为smon回滚导致数据库down

5.查看日志,屏蔽回滚段,完成恢复

Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
alter database open
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Started redo scan
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Completed redo scan
 323 redo blocks read, 82 data blocks need recovery
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Started recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 23404, block 3, scn 0.0
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 4 Seq 23404 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0 errs 0: F:\ORACLE\ORADATA\LOGCQGASOLD4.ORA
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Completed redo application
Tue May 15 19:59:52 2012
Ended recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 23404, block 326, scn 1.3548264979
 82 data blocks read, 82 data blocks written, 323 redo blocks read
Crash recovery completed successfully
Tue May 15 19:59:53 2012
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 23405
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 23405
  Current log# 2 seq# 23405 mem# 0: D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\CQGASOLD\REDO02.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
Tue May 15 19:59:53 2012
SMON: enabling cache recovery
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Tue May 15 19:59:54 2012
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Tue May 15 19:59:55 2012
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
ORA-604 signalled during: alter database open...
Tue May 15 19:59:56 2012
SMON: about to recover undo segment 1
SMON: mark undo segment 1 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 2
SMON: mark undo segment 2 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 3
SMON: mark undo segment 3 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 4
SMON: mark undo segment 4 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 5
SMON: mark undo segment 5 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 6
SMON: mark undo segment 6 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 7
SMON: mark undo segment 7 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 8
SMON: mark undo segment 8 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 9
SMON: mark undo segment 9 as needs recovery
SMON: about to recover undo segment 10
SMON: mark undo segment 10 as needs recovery
Tue May 15 20:00:37 2012
Shutting down instance (abort)

看到这里,可以大概确定是因为undo文件离线,导致回滚段异常.
这个问题,基本上可以确定通过隐含参数屏蔽回滚段,然后open数据库,重建undo删除异常undo,数据库恢复完成。


--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之案例:Oracle报错ORA-00600[kcratr1_lostwrt] ORA-00600[3020]

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/316.html

Oracle研究中心

关键词:

ORA-00600[3020]

oracle报错ora-600

ORA-00600[kcratr1_lostwrt]

回滚undo表空间异常导致数据库无法启动