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案例:Oracle报错ORA-01207 故障恢复

时间:2016-06-12 22:50   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 运维DBA反映,数据库服务器重启后数据库无法启动,报错ORA-01207,分析原因为控制文件SCN不一致导致

ORACLE出现ORA-01207,进行了尝试恢复但是别未成功,让我协助其完成恢复

1.查询Oracle数据库版本

SVRMGR> select * from v$version;
BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle8 Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
CORE Version 4.0.5.0.0 - Production
TNS for 32-bit Windows: Version 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 3.3.2.0.0 - Production
5 rows selected.

2.open数据库报ORA-01207错误

SVRMGR> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ORA-01122: database file 1 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\SYS1ORCL.ORA'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than controlfile - old controlfile

出现该错误的原因是因为控制文件里面的scn或者checkpoint_time>数据文件中的对应值,从而出现该错误,解决方法重建控制文件或者执行recover using backup controlfile 之类命令

3.重建控制文件,并open报ORA-600[4147]

SVRMGR> alter database backup controlfile to trace;
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> shutdown immediate
ORA-01109: database not open
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SVRMGR> STARTUP NOMOUNT
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area                         15077376 bytes
Fixed Size                                          49152 bytes
Variable Size                                    12906496 bytes
Database Buffers                                  2048000 bytes
Redo Buffers                                        73728 bytes
SVRMGR> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORCL" NORESETLOGS NOARCHIVELOG
     2>     MAXLOGFILES 32
     3>     MAXLOGMEMBERS 2
     4>     MAXDATAFILES 32
     5>     MAXINSTANCES 16
     6>     MAXLOGHISTORY 3260
     7> LOGFILE
     8>   GROUP 1 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG4ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
     9>   GROUP 2 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG3ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
    10>   GROUP 3 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG2ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
    11>   GROUP 4 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG1ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M
    12> DATAFILE
    13>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\SYS1ORCL.ORA',
    14>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\USR1ORCL.ORA',
    15>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\RBS1ORCL.ORA',
    16>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\TMP1ORCL.ORA'
    17> ;
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> recover database using backup controlfile;
ORA-00279: change 46960617 generated at 01/31/14 18:51:49 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : D:\ORANT\RDBMS80\ARC12900.1
Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG3ORCL.ORA
Log applied.
Media recovery complete.
SVRMGR> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4147], [16], [1], [], [], [], [], []

The ORA-600[4147] basically indicates some kind of corruption with the UNDO (rollback segment)block, most probably due to a lost write to the rollback segment.
ORA-600[4147]是因为回滚段坏块导致(具体是因为undoblock的scn无效),解决方法是用dul找出来回滚段,并屏蔽之

4.恢复数据后报ORA-00600[3668]错误

SVRMGR> shutdown immediate
ORA-01109: database not open
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SVRMGR> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area                         15077376 bytes
Fixed Size                                          49152 bytes
Variable Size                                    12906496 bytes
Database Buffers                                  2048000 bytes
Redo Buffers                                        73728 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3668], [1], [2], [17232], [17232], [4], [], []

ORA-00600[3668]是因为在ORACLE 7.0到9.2的版本中The FIRST time an attempt has been made to start an instance after a CREATE CONTROLFILE command has been issued.
At least one data file needs MEDIA RECOVERY.在9.2.0.x及其以后版本报:ORA-1113: file needs media recovery.
通过重建控制文件,执行recover database,再open数据库恢复成功


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最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之案例:Oracle报错ORA-01207 故障恢复

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/373.html

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关键词:

ORA-00600[3668]

Oracle报错ORA-01207

ORA-01207故障恢复

ORA-600[4147]