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【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013] 由数据库坏块或index不一致引起

时间:2016-07-04 22:21   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 运维DBA反映巡检数据库时发现Oracle alert日志出现大量ORA-00600[13013],分析原因为Oracle坏块引起

1.发现ORA-00600[13013]错误

During the execution of an UPDATE statement, after several attempts (Arg [a] passcount) we are unable to get a stable set of rows that conform to the WHERE clause.

Fri Jun  1 03:00:33 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_12104.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Sat Jun  2 03:01:05 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_1052.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Sun Jun  3 15:00:50 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_13876.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12603219], [17], []
Mon Jun  4 03:01:05 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_7704.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Tue Jun  5 03:00:35 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_27983.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Wed Jun  6 03:01:07 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_19204.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Thu Jun  7 03:00:37 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_7273.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12605556], [17], []

以前处理过一次ORA-600[13013],里面包含了各参数含义,这次也按照常规方法处理,分析如下:
通过trace文件找出对应表

*** 2012-06-01 03:00:33.325
ksedmp: internal or fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Current SQL statement for this session:
UPDATE WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA SET snap_id = :lah_snap_id  WHERE dbid = :dbid    AND (SQL_ID) 
IN (SELECT STR1_KEWRATTR FROM X$KEWRATTRSTALE)

2.通过ORA-600[13013]中表示rdba参数找出表

SQL> select  DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (12596577) "file#",
  2  DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (12596577) "block#" 
  3  from dual;

     file#     block#
---------- ----------
         3      13665

SQL> select * from dba_extents where 13665 between block_id and block_id + blocks and file_id=3;

OWNER      SEGMENT_NAME           SEGMENT_TYPE     EXTENT_ID    FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID    BLOCKS
---------- --------------------  --------------- --------------- ---------- -------  ------
SYS        SYS_LOB0000008933C00  LOBSEGMENT           7          3      13657         8    
SYS        WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA  TABLE                1          3      13665         8   

3.检查对象WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA是否有坏块或者表和index不一致

SQL> analyze table SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA validate structure cascade online;

Table analyzed.

这里分析WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA表正常,但是通过上面的查询证明WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA的第一个extent的第一个数据块上可能出现问题,使得analyze未检查(自己猜猜,未做深入验证).针对这个问题,直接备份WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA表,truncate掉该表,然后重新插入数据(注意操作时间避开awr插入数据时间段)

create table SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK
AS
SELECT * FROM SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA;

TRUNCATE TABLE SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA;

INSERT INTO SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA
SELECT * FROM SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK;

DROP TABBLE SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK PURGE;

--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013] 由数据库坏块或index不一致引起

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/728.html

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关键词:

ORA-00600

Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013]

数据库ORA-600[13013]的处理思路