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【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013] 数据库索引异常导致数据库报错

时间:2016-07-04 23:17   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 运维DBA反映Oracle数据库alert日志报错ORA-00600[13013],分析原因为数据库index索引异常导致报错

1.alert日志中出现ORA-600[13013]错误

Thu Mar 08 23:29:37 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/trace/chf_smon_24137.trc  (incident=38681):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [518], [4198427], [170], [4198427], [17], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/incident/incdir_38681/chf_smon_24137_i38681.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Non-fatal internal error happenned while SMON was doing flushing of monitored table stats.
SMON encountered 1 out of maximum 100 non-fatal internal errors.

trace文件中信息
从这里可以看出是对sys.col_usage$表进行update操作导致该错误发生

Dump continued from file: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/trace/chf_smon_24137.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [518], [4198427], [170], [4198427], [17], [], [], [], [], []

========= Dump for incident 38681 (ORA 600 [13013]) ========

*** 2012-03-08 23:29:37.400
dbkedDefDump(): Starting incident default dumps (flags=0x2, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Current SQL Statement for this session (sql_id=3c1kubcdjnppq) -----
update sys.col_usage$ set   equality_preds    = equality_preds    + decode(bitand(:flag,1),0,0,1),   equijoin_preds    = equijoin_preds    + decode(bitand(:flag,2),0,0
,1),   nonequijoin_preds = nonequijoin_preds + decode(bitand(:flag,4),0,0,1),   range_preds       = range_preds       + decode(bitand(:flag,8),0,0,1),   like_preds    
    = like_preds        + decode(bitand(:flag,16),0,0,1),   null_preds        = null_preds        + decode(bitand(:flag,32),0,0,1),  timestamp = :time where obj# = :ob
jn and intcol# = :coln

2.MOS中关于ORA-600 [13013]描述

Format: ORA-600 [13013] [a] [b] {c} [d] [e] [f]
Arg [a] Passcount
Arg [b] Data Object number
Arg {c} Tablespace Decimal Relative DBA (RDBA) of block containing the row to be updated
Arg [d] Row Slot number
Arg [e] Decimal RDBA of block being updated (Typically same as {c})
Arg [f] Code

验证MOS中描述

SQL> select dbms_utility.data_block_address_file(4198427) rfile,
  2  dbms_utility.data_block_address_block(4198427) blocks
  3  from dual;

     RFILE     BLOCKS
---------- ----------
         1       4123

SQL> SELECT OWNER, SEGMENT_NAME, SEGMENT_TYPE, TABLESPACE_NAME, A.PARTITION_NAME
  2    FROM DBA_EXTENTS A
  3   WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
  4     AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1;
Enter value for file_id: 1
old   3:  WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
new   3:  WHERE FILE_ID = 1
Enter value for block_id: 4123
old   4:    AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1
new   4:    AND 4123 BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1

OWNER SEGMENT_NAME SEGMENT_TY TABLESPACE PARTI
----- ------------ ---------- ---------- -----
SYS   COL_USAGE$   TABLE      SYSTEM
--和trace文件中异常表一致

SQL>  select object_type,object_name from dba_objects where object_id=518;

OBJECT_TYPE         OBJECT_NAME
------------------- ------------------------------
TABLE               COL_USAGE$
--也和trace文件中异常表一致

分析异常表

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE sys.COL_USAGE$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE;
ANALYZE TABLE sys.COL_USAGE$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01499: table/index cross reference failure - see trace file

SQL> select index_name,COLUMN_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION FROM DBA_IND_COLUMNS 
2    WHERE TABLE_NAME='COL_USAGE$';

INDEX_NAME      COLUMN_NAM COLUMN_POSITION
--------------- ---------- ---------------
I_COL_USAGE$    OBJ#                     1
I_COL_USAGE$    INTCOL#                  2

SQL> set autot trace exp
SQL>  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1
  3   MINUS
  4   SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null;

no rows selected
--无记录返回

Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 399371572

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation           | Name         | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time
   |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT    |              |  4262 | 76716 |    27  (71)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  MINUS              |              |       |       |            |          |
|   2 |   SORT UNIQUE       |              |  4262 | 38358 |     9  (12)| 00:00:01 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL| COL_USAGE$   |  4262 | 38358 |     8   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   4 |   SORT UNIQUE NOSORT|              |  4262 | 38358 |    18   (6)| 00:00:01 |
|*  5 |    INDEX FULL SCAN  | I_COL_USAGE$ |  4262 | 38358 |    17   (0)| 00:00:01 |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--验证表两个sql是否正确(一个全表扫描,另个index 快速扫描)


SQL>  SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  3   MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1;

      OBJ#    INTCOL#
---------- ----------
4294951004          2
4294951004          3
4294951004          4
4294951004         26
4294951004         27
4294951037          4
4294951037          5
4294951037          6
4294951037          9
4294951037         10
4294951840         11

      OBJ#    INTCOL#
---------- ----------
4294951840         12
4294951906          4
4294952709          3
4294952867          4
4294952867          9

16 rows selected.
--证明index中的记录比表中多了16条

3.ORA-00600解决问题并验证

SQL> alter index sys.I_COL_USAGE$ rebuild online;

Index altered.

SQL>  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
 FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1
  2    3   MINUS
  4   SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  6  ;

no rows selected

SQL>  SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  3   MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1;

no rows selected

这次出现此问题的原因是因为在更新语句中使用索引找到一条记录,然后到表中去查询时该记录不存在,出现此错误,一般解决方法是重建索引
官方关于ORA-600[13013]说明


--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013] 数据库索引异常导致数据库报错

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关键词:

Oracle报错ORA-00600[13013]

数据库索引异常导致数据库报错