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案例:IBM aix小型机内存使用太多导致Oracle shared pool 相关lat

时间:2016-04-11 20:32   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净

IBM aix小型机内存使用太多导致Oracle数据库shared pool 相关latch异常

某客户有一服务器,shared pool 相关latch出现异常等待,影响系统性能.
分析结果:因为系统空闲内存太少,使用太多Paging Space导致该异常;解决办法:
1.增加内存,
2.在业务接受范围内减小sga等其他和内存消耗相关参数
IBM AIX命令nmon查看剩余内存

x          Physical  PageSpace |        pages/sec  In     Out | FileSystemCache  
x% Used       99.8%     34.9%  | to Paging Space   0.0    0.0 | (numperm) 14.8%  
x% Free        0.2%     65.1%  | to File System    0.0   33.0 | Process   63.9%  
xMB Used   21452.8MB 11446.1MB | Page Scans        0.0        | System    21.1%  
xMB Free (少)-->51.2MB 21321.9MB | Page Cycles       0.0      | Free       0.2%  
xTotal(MB) 21504.0MB 32768.0MB | Page Steals       0.0        |           ------  

IBM AIX命令topas查看内存配置

Disk    Busy%     KBPS     TPS KB-Read KB-Writ                   MEMORY
Topas Monitor for host:    p570b03              EVENTS/QUEUES    FILE/TTY
Wed Jan  9 13:30:30 2013   Interval:  2         Cswitch     785  Readch   173.1K
                                                Syscall   54407  Writech  213.1K
CPU  User%  Kern%  Wait%  Idle%                 Reads       118  Rawin         0
ALL   43.6    1.7    0.0   54.8                 Writes      110  Ttyout      352
                                                Forks         0  Igets         0
Network  KBPS   I-Pack  O-Pack   KB-In  KB-Out  Execs         0  Namei         5
Total    84.5    146.0   200.6    26.4    58.1  Runqueue    0.5  Dirblk        0
                                                Waitqueue   0.0
Disk    Busy%     KBPS     TPS KB-Read KB-Writ                   MEMORY
Total     0.0    164.6    17.0     0.0   164.6  PAGING           Real,MB   21504
                                                Faults    12408  % Comp     86 <---大部分计算内存
FileSystem        KBPS     TPS KB-Read KB-Writ  Steals        0  % Noncomp  13 <---fs cache较少
Total            316.3    17.9  151.5  164.9    PgspIn        0  % Client   13
                                                PgspOut       0
Name            PID  CPU%  PgSp Owner           PageIn        0  PAGING SPACE
oracle      6357252  16.7   8.4 oracle          PageOut      42  Size,MB   32768
oracle     15401474   8.3  70.8 oracle          Sios         42  % Used     35  <---使用比较多
oracle     12714542   8.3   8.3 oracle                           % Free     65
oracle      5767556   8.3   8.3 oracle          NFS (calls/sec)
oracle      5898996   8.3 134.9 oracle          SerV2         0  WPAR Activ    0
oracle     17629634   8.3 134.9 oracle          CliV2         0  WPAR Total    0
oracle     13959694   0.0   8.4 oracle          SerV3         0  Press: "h"-help
oracle      5439860   0.0 134.3 oracle          CliV3         0         "q"-quit 

查看IBM AIX命令内存参数配置

vmo -F -a
--数据库相关参数
minperm% = 3 
v_pinshm = 0 
lru_file_repage = 0 
maxclient% = 90 
maxperm% = 90 
strict_maxclient = 1 
strict_maxperm = 0 
page_steal_method = 1

因为是AIX 6.1,这里的vmo配置基本上是oracle 推荐值(大页没有配置,非必须选项)

查看IBM AIX会话进程占用内存

procmap 15466998
15466998 : oraclewasudb (LOCAL=NO) 
100000000            97466K  read/exec         oracle
11000088d             2430K  read/write        oracle
9fffffff0000000         51K  read/exec         /usr/ccs/bin/usla64
9fffffff000cfe2          0K  read/write        /usr/ccs/bin/usla64
900000000b14930          2K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[shr3_64.o]
9001000a0122930          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[shr3_64.o]
900000000af5b00        118K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[shrcore_64.o]
9001000a0319100         12K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[shrcore_64.o]
900000000ad7000        118K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[ansicore_64.o]
9001000a030fe00         36K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[ansicore_64.o]
900000000411468          0K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libicudata.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a0121468          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libicudata.a[shr_64.o]
90000000040f738          2K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[shr2_64.o]
9001000a0323738          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[shr2_64.o]
9000000008ec800       1699K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[ansi_64.o]
9001000a0324a00        277K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[ansi_64.o]
9000000008c9b00        135K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libC.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a031db00         19K  read/write        /usr/lib/libC.a[shr_64.o]
900000000708180       1732K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libicuuc.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a036bdac        180K  read/write        /usr/lib/libicuuc.a[shr_64.o]
900000000493d80       2510K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libicui18n.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a0399148        270K  read/write        /usr/lib/libicui18n.a[shr_64.o]
900000000473200         91K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libsrc.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a01127a8         55K  read/write        /usr/lib/libsrc.a[shr_64.o]
90000000045a300         98K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libcorcfg.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a04147c8         18K  read/write        /usr/lib/libcorcfg.a[shr_64.o]
900000000b16200        750K  read/exec         /usr/lib/liblvm.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a03dd028        219K  read/write        /usr/lib/liblvm.a[shr_64.o]
900000000444f00         82K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libcfg.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a027b8f0         26K  read/write        /usr/lib/libcfg.a[shr_64.o]
90000000040e3a0          2K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libcrypt.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a0106948          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libcrypt.a[shr_64.o]
90000000233c860          5K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libc.a[aio_64.o]
9001000a0437568          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libc.a[aio_64.o]
9000000003efc00        120K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libodm.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a0107cc8         40K  read/write        /usr/lib/libodm.a[shr_64.o]
900000000bd2c80        147K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libperfstat.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a041a960         14K  read/write        /usr/lib/libperfstat.a[shr_64.o]
900000000bf8000          0K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libdl.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a041f000          0K  read/write        /usr/lib/libdl.a[shr_64.o]
9000000024ac100       8680K  read/exec         /oracle/product/10g/lib/libjox10.a[shr.o]
8001000a0000ca0        588K  read/write        /oracle/product/10g/lib/libjox10.a[shr.o]
900000000a96000        257K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libpthreads.a[shr_xpg5_64.o]
9001000a0283000        559K  read/write        /usr/lib/libpthreads.a[shr_xpg5_64.o]
900000000000800       4025K  read/exec         /usr/lib/libc.a[shr_64.o]
9001000a0000020       1047K  read/write        /usr/lib/libc.a[shr_64.o]
         Total      123902K

在上表中,标记为read/write的内存即是进程的私有内存,每个会话大概占用内存近6M,数据库大概有80多个会话,占用内存大概,占用内存大概500M左右.

Oracle研究中心查看数据库SGA+PGA+进程参数配置

SQL> select sum(PGA_ALLOC_MEM)/1024/1024/1024,count(*) from v$process;

SUM(PGA_ALLOC_MEM)/1024/1024/1024   COUNT(*)
--------------------------------- ----------
                       2.46758329         84

SQL> show parameter pga;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
_pga_max_size                        big integer 500M
pga_aggregate_target                 big integer 2000M

SQL> show parameter sga

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
lock_sga                             boolean     FALSE
pre_page_sga                         boolean     FALSE
sga_max_size                         big integer 12000M
sga_target                           big integer 10000M

SQL> show sga;

Total System Global Area 1.2583E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2117744 bytes
Variable Size            7600082832 bytes
Database Buffers         4966055936 bytes
Redo Buffers               14655488 bytes

当前系统整体ORACLE使用内存汇总:sga 12G+pga 2.5G+process 0.5G,大概占用内存15G,留给系统内存6G左右,系统使用大量交换分区,导致系统性能下降,最明显的为:shared pool相关latch等待异常,具体awr为:


因为系统因为个别session需要大量内存设置_pga_max_size参数,导致部分会话系统占用2.5g内存,建议设置该参数为默认值,并对个别会话独立设置,设置pga_aggregate_target=1.5G,sga_target=sga_max_size=8.5G,awr结果为:


 

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最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之案例:IBM aix小型机内存使用太多导致Oracle shared pool 相关lat

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AIX内存使用高导致shared pool latch异常