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【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[4000] 使用BBED修复数据库SCN详细过程

时间:2016-07-25 10:20   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 运维DBA反映数据库在重启后无法启动,报错ORA-00600[4000]和ORA-00600[ktbdchk1: bad dscn],分析原因为数据库SCN异常导致

1.数据库启动出现ORA-00600[4000]错误

Fri Nov  4 06:50:38 2011
Errors in file /u01/oracle/admin/XFF/udump/xff_ora_7046.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [5], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Nov  4 06:50:40 2011
Errors in file /u01/oracle/admin/XFF/udump/xff_ora_7046.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [5], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Nov  4 06:50:40 2011
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 7046
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

查看trace文件

*** 2011-11-04 06:50:38.942
ksedmp: internal or fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [5], [], [], [], [], [], []
Current SQL statement for this session:
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1


Block header dump:  0x0040007a
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x12  csc: 0x00.1020770d  itc: 1  flg: -  typ: 1 - DATA
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01
 
 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0005.029.0000029a  0x00802381.01f9.03  --U-    1  fsc 0x0000.1020770e

查询trace相关数据对应值

SQL> select DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (TO_NUMBER ('0040007a','xxxxxxxx')) file_no,
  2  DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (TO_NUMBER ('0040007a','xxxxxxxx')) block_no
  3  from dual;

   FILE_NO   BLOCK_NO
---------- ----------
         1        122


SQL> select to_number('1020770e','xxxxxxxxxxx') itl_commit from dual;

ITL_COMMIT
----------
 270563086

SQL> select to_number('1020770d','xxxxxxxxxxxx') csc from dual;

       CSC
----------
 270563085

通过这里的分析,我们可以得出file 1 block 122的内容未提交,可能是导致错误ORA-00600[4000],尝试这手工提交该事务

BBED> set file 1 block 122
        FILE#           1
        BLOCK#          122

BBED> map
 File: /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf (1)
 Block: 122                                   Dba:0x0040007a
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Table/Cluster)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 48 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdbh, 14 bytes                      @68      

 struct kdbt[1], 4 bytes                    @82      

 sb2 kdbr[108]                              @86      

 ub1 freespace[873]                         @302     

 ub1 rowdata[7013]                          @1175    

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    


BBED> p ktbbh
struct ktbbh, 48 bytes                      @20      
   ub1 ktbbhtyp                             @20       0x01 (KDDBTDATA)
   union ktbbhsid, 4 bytes                  @24      
      ub4 ktbbhsg1                          @24       0x00000012
      ub4 ktbbhod1                          @24       0x00000012
   struct ktbbhcsc, 8 bytes                 @28      
      ub4 kscnbas                           @28       0x1020770d
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @32       0x0000
   sb2 ktbbhict                             @36       1
   ub1 ktbbhflg                             @38       0x02 (NONE)
   ub1 ktbbhfsl                             @39       0x00
   ub4 ktbbhfnx                             @40       0x00000000
   struct ktbbhitl[0], 24 bytes             @44      
      struct ktbitxid, 8 bytes              @44      
         ub2 kxidusn                        @44       0x0005
         ub2 kxidslt                        @46       0x0029
         ub4 kxidsqn                        @48       0x0000029a
      struct ktbituba, 8 bytes              @52      
         ub4 kubadba                        @52       0x00802381
         ub2 kubaseq                        @56       0x01f9
         ub1 kubarec                        @58       0x03
      ub2 ktbitflg                          @60       0x2001 (KTBFUPB)
      union _ktbitun, 2 bytes               @62      
         sb2 _ktbitfsc                      @62       0
         ub2 _ktbitwrp                      @62       0x0000
      ub4 ktbitbas                          @64       0x1020770e

BBED> set count 16
        COUNT           16

BBED> m /x 0180 offset 60 
 File: /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf (1)
 Block: 122              Offsets:   60 to   75           Dba:0x0040007a
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 01800000 0e772010 00016c00 ffffea00 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p ktbbh
struct ktbbh, 48 bytes                      @20      
   ub1 ktbbhtyp                             @20       0x01 (KDDBTDATA)
   union ktbbhsid, 4 bytes                  @24      
      ub4 ktbbhsg1                          @24       0x00000012
      ub4 ktbbhod1                          @24       0x00000012
   struct ktbbhcsc, 8 bytes                 @28      
      ub4 kscnbas                           @28       0x1020770d
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @32       0x0000
   sb2 ktbbhict                             @36       1
   ub1 ktbbhflg                             @38       0x02 (NONE)
   ub1 ktbbhfsl                             @39       0x00
   ub4 ktbbhfnx                             @40       0x00000000
   struct ktbbhitl[0], 24 bytes             @44      
      struct ktbitxid, 8 bytes              @44      
         ub2 kxidusn                        @44       0x0005
         ub2 kxidslt                        @46       0x0029
         ub4 kxidsqn                        @48       0x0000029a
      struct ktbituba, 8 bytes              @52      
         ub4 kubadba                        @52       0x00802381
         ub2 kubaseq                        @56       0x01f9
         ub1 kubarec                        @58       0x03
      ub2 ktbitflg                          @60       0x8001 (KTBFCOM)
      union _ktbitun, 2 bytes               @62      
         sb2 _ktbitfsc                      @62       0
         ub2 _ktbitwrp                      @62       0x0000
      ub4 ktbitbas                          @64       0x1020770e

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 1, Block 122:
current = 0x6902, required = 0x6902

2.尝试重启Oracle数据库

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  318767104 bytes
Fixed Size                  1219160 bytes
Variable Size              92276136 bytes
Database Buffers          218103808 bytes
Redo Buffers                7168000 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced

查看alert日志

Fri Nov  4 07:42:46 2011
Errors in file /u01/oracle/admin/XFF/udump/xff_ora_7702.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbdchk1: bad dscn], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Nov  4 07:42:46 2011
Errors in file /u01/oracle/admin/XFF/udump/xff_ora_7702.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbdchk1: bad dscn], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Nov  4 07:42:46 2011
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 7702
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

分析trace文件

*** 2011-11-04 07:42:46.273
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 40 Reading mem 0
----- Recovery Hash Table Statistics ---------
Hash table buckets = 32768
Longest hash chain = 0
Average hash chain = 0/0 = 0.0
Max compares per lookup = 0
Avg compares per lookup = 0/0 = 0.0
----------------------------------------------
tkcrrsarc: (WARN) Failed to find ARCH for message (message:0x1)
tkcrrpa: (WARN) Failed initial attempt to send ARCH message (message:0x1)
[ktbdchk] -- readers_dsz -- bad dscn
scn: 0x0000.1020770escn: 0x0000.0021fa09
*** 2011-11-04 07:42:46.530
ksedmp: internal or fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbdchk1: bad dscn], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Current SQL statement for this session:
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1

Block header dump:  0x0040007a
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x12  csc: 0x00.1020770d  itc: 1  flg: -  typ: 1 - DATA
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01

 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0005.029.0000029a  0x00802381.01f9.03  C---    0  scn 0x0000.1020770e

根据这个错误提示ktbdchk–>bad dscn,猜测ktbdchk是header scn中的ktbdchk,查找1020770e发现是itl comomit scn,通过bbed查看

BBED>  p kcvfhckp.kcvcpscn
struct kcvcpscn, 8 bytes                    @484     
   ub4 kscnbas                              @484      0x0021fa09
   ub2 kscnwrp                              @488      0x0000

通过这里可以知道ORA-00600[ktbdchk1: bad dscn]是因为itl comomit scn远大于datafile header scn,从而oracle认为datafile header scn是错误的,从而提示ktbdchk1: bad dscn.尝试bbed修改itl comomit scn

BBED> p ktbbh
struct ktbbh, 48 bytes                      @20      
   ub1 ktbbhtyp                             @20       0x01 (KDDBTDATA)
   union ktbbhsid, 4 bytes                  @24      
      ub4 ktbbhsg1                          @24       0x00000012
      ub4 ktbbhod1                          @24       0x00000012
   struct ktbbhcsc, 8 bytes                 @28      
      ub4 kscnbas                           @28       0x1020770d
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @32       0x0000
   sb2 ktbbhict                             @36       1
   ub1 ktbbhflg                             @38       0x02 (NONE)
   ub1 ktbbhfsl                             @39       0x00
   ub4 ktbbhfnx                             @40       0x00000000
   struct ktbbhitl[0], 24 bytes             @44      
      struct ktbitxid, 8 bytes              @44      
         ub2 kxidusn                        @44       0x0005
         ub2 kxidslt                        @46       0x0029
         ub4 kxidsqn                        @48       0x0000029a
      struct ktbituba, 8 bytes              @52      
         ub4 kubadba                        @52       0x00802381
         ub2 kubaseq                        @56       0x01f9
         ub1 kubarec                        @58       0x03
      ub2 ktbitflg                          @60       0x8001 (KTBFCOM)
      union _ktbitun, 2 bytes               @62      
         sb2 _ktbitfsc                      @62       0
         ub2 _ktbitwrp                      @62       0x0000
      ub4 ktbitbas                          @64       0x1020770e

BBED> m /x 09fa2100 offset 64
 File: /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf (1)
 Block: 122              Offsets:   64 to   79           Dba:0x0040007a
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 09fa2100 00016c00 ffffea00 53046903 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 1, Block 122:
current = 0xf404, required = 0xf404

启动数据库

SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  318767104 bytes
Fixed Size                  1219160 bytes
Variable Size              92276136 bytes
Database Buffers          218103808 bytes
Redo Buffers                7168000 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【案例】Oracle报错ORA-00600[4000] 使用BBED修复数据库SCN详细过程

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关键词:

ORA-00600[4000]

ORA-00600[ktbdchk1: bad dscn]

使用BBED修复数据库SCN详细过程