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DBA运维工作技巧:Oracle AWR报告导出 导入实现异机在线分析

时间:2016-04-12 21:47   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净

Oracle awr报告实现异机导出 导入 分析

很多时候我们直接在客户机器上分析awr不太方便,需要通过收集客户awr信息到另一台机器上进行分析数据库性能等.这种情况下,就需要对客户的awr数据进行导出,然后导入到其他机器上,再进行深入分析.
Oracle AWR报告分析
生产库中导出awr数据

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/awrextr.sql
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
AWR EXTRACT
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~  This script will extract the AWR data for a range of snapshots  ~
~  into a dump file.  The script will prompt users for the         ~
~  following information:                                          ~
~     (1) database id                                              ~
~     (2) snapshot range to extract                                ~
~     (3) name of directory object                                 ~
~     (4) name of dump file                                        ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Databases in this Workload Repository schema
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

   DB Id     DB Name      Host
------------ ------------ ------------
* 1393262699 XIFENFEI     XIFENFEI-PC
  3753332923 FDJDB        ora1
  3753332923 FDJDB        ora2

The default database id is the local one: '1393262699'.  To use this
database id, press  to continue, otherwise enter an alternative.

输入 dbid 的值:  3753332923    <--需要输入

Using 3753332923 for Database ID


Specify the number of days of snapshots to choose from
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Entering the number of days (n) will result in the most recent
(n) days of snapshots being listed.  Pressing  without
specifying a number lists all completed snapshots.


输入 num_days 的值:  1    <--需要输入

Listing the last day's Completed Snapshots

DB Name        Snap Id    Snap Started
------------ --------- ------------------
FDJDB              906 23 4月  2012 00:00
                   907 23 4月  2012 01:00
                   908 23 4月  2012 02:00
                   909 23 4月  2012 03:00
                   910 23 4月  2012 04:00
                   911 23 4月  2012 05:00
                   912 23 4月  2012 06:00
                   913 23 4月  2012 07:00
                   914 23 4月  2012 08:00
                   915 23 4月  2012 09:00
                   916 23 4月  2012 10:00
                   917 23 4月  2012 11:00
                   918 23 4月  2012 12:00
                   919 23 4月  2012 13:00


Specify the Begin and End Snapshot Ids
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
输入 begin_snap 的值:  906  <--需要输入
Begin Snapshot Id specified: 906

输入 end_snap 的值:  907    <--需要输入
End   Snapshot Id specified: 907


Specify the Directory Name
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Directory Name                 Directory Path
------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------

DATA_FILE_DIR                  E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\sales_history\
DATA_PUMP_DIR                  E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
LOG_FILE_DIR                   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\log\
MEDIA_DIR                      E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\product_media\
ORACLE_OCM_CONFIG_DIR          E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\ccr\state
SS_OE_XMLDIR                   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\ord er_entry\
SUBDIR                         E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\order_entry\/2002/Sep
XMLDIR                         E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\xml

Choose a Directory Name from the above list (case-sensitive).

输入 directory_name 的值:  DATA_PUMP_DIR  <--需要输入(注意大小写)

Using the dump directory: DATA_PUMP_DIR

Specify the Name of the Extract Dump File
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The prefix for the default dump file name is awrdat_906_907.
To use this name, press  to continue, otherwise enter
an alternative.

输入 file_name 的值:  xifenfei_awr  <--需要输入

Using the dump file prefix: xifenfei_awr
|
| ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|  The AWR extract dump file will be located
|  in the following directory/file:
|   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
|   xifenfei_awr.dmp
| ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|
|  *** AWR Extract Started ...
|
|  This operation will take a few moments. The
|  progress of the AWR extract operation can be
|  monitored in the following directory/file:
|   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
|   xifenfei_awr.log
|  可以通过查看E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\xifenfei_awr.log
|  监控导出awr数据进度

End of AWR Extract

测试库中导入awr数据

SQL> @E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\RDBMS\ADMIN\awrload.sql
~~~~~~~~~~
AWR LOAD
~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~  This script will load the AWR data from a dump file. The   ~
~  script will prompt users for the following information:    ~
~     (1) name of directory object                            ~
~     (2) name of dump file                                   ~
~     (3) staging schema name to load AWR data into           ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Specify the Directory Name
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Directory Name                 Directory Path
------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------

DATA_FILE_DIR                  E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\sales_history\
DATA_PUMP_DIR                  E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
LOG_FILE_DIR                   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\log\
MEDIA_DIR                      E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\product_media\
ORACLE_OCM_CONFIG_DIR          E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\ccr\state
SS_OE_XMLDIR                   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\order_entry\
SUBDIR                         E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\demo\schema\order_entry\/2002/Sep
XMLDIR                         E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\xml

Choose a Directory Name from the list above (case-sensitive).

输入 directory_name 的值:  DATA_PUMP_DIR  <--需要输入(注意大小写)

Using the dump directory: DATA_PUMP_DIR

Specify the Name of the Dump File to Load
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Please specify the prefix of the dump file (.dmp) to load:

输入 file_name 的值:  awrdat_751_919 <--需要输入(文件后缀名一定要是.dmp)

Loading from the file name: awrdat_751_919.dmp

Staging Schema to Load AWR Snapshot Data
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The next step is to create the staging schema
where the AWR snapshot data will be loaded.
After loading the data into the staging schema,
the data will be transferred into the AWR tables
in the SYS schema.


The default staging schema name is AWR_STAGE.
To use this name, press  to continue, otherwise enter
an alternative.

输入 schema_name 的值:  XFF_AWR  <--需要输入(临时创建用户)

Using the staging schema name: XFF_AWR

Choose the Default tablespace for the XFF_AWR user
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Choose the XFF_AWR users's default tablespace.  This is the
tablespace in which the AWR data will be staged.

TABLESPACE_NAME                CONTENTS  DEFAULT TABLESPACE
------------------------------ --------- ------------------
EXAMPLE                        PERMANENT
SYSAUX                         PERMANENT *
USERS                          PERMANENT

Pressing  will result in the recommended default
tablespace (identified by *) being used.

输入 default_tablespace 的值:  EXAMPLE  <--需要输入

Using tablespace EXAMPLE as the default tablespace for the XFF_AWR


Choose the Temporary tablespace for the XFF_AWR user
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Choose the XFF_AWR user's temporary tablespace.

TABLESPACE_NAME                CONTENTS  DEFAULT TEMP TABLESPACE
------------------------------ --------- -----------------------
TEMP                           TEMPORARY *

Pressing  will result in the database's default temporary
tablespace (identified by *) being used.

输入 temporary_tablespace 的值:  TEMP  <--需要输入

Using tablespace TEMP as the temporary tablespace for XFF_AWR


... Creating XFF_AWR user  (临时用户创建)

|
| ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|  Loading the AWR data from the following
|  directory/file:
|   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
|   awrdat_751_919.dmp
| ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|
|  *** AWR Load Started ...
|
|  This operation will take a few moments. The
|  progress of the AWR load operation can be
|  monitored in the following directory/file:
|   E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\
|   awrdat_751_919.log
|
|  可以通过查看E:\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\rdbms\log\awrdat_751_919.log
|  监控导出awr数据进度

... Dropping XFF_AWR user  (临时用户被删除)

End of AWR Load

查看awr报告

SQL> @?/RDBMS/admin/awrrpti.sql

Specify the Report Type
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Would you like an HTML report, or a plain text report?
Enter 'html' for an HTML report, or 'text' for plain text
Defaults to 'html'
输入 report_type 的值:  html   <--需要输入

Type Specified:  html


Instances in this Workload Repository schema
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

   DB Id     Inst Num DB Name      Instance     Host
------------ -------- ------------ ------------ ------------
  3753332923        2 FDJDB        fdjdb2       ora2
  3753332923        1 FDJDB        fdjdb1       ora1
* 1393262699        1 XIFENFEI     xff          XIFENFEI-PC

输入 dbid 的值:   3753332923  <--需要输入
Using  3753332923 for database Id
输入 inst_num 的值:  1        <--需要输入
Using 1 for instance number


Specify the number of days of snapshots to choose from
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Entering the number of days (n) will result in the most recent
(n) days of snapshots being listed.  Pressing  without
specifying a number lists all completed snapshots.


输入 num_days 的值:  1  <--需要输入

Listing the last day's Completed Snapshots

                                                        Snap
Instance     DB Name        Snap Id    Snap Started    Level
------------ ------------ --------- ------------------ -----
fdjdb1       FDJDB              906 23 4月  2012 00:00     1
                                907 23 4月  2012 01:00     1
                                908 23 4月  2012 02:00     1
                                909 23 4月  2012 03:00     1
                                910 23 4月  2012 04:00     1
                                911 23 4月  2012 05:00     1
                                912 23 4月  2012 06:00     1
                                913 23 4月  2012 07:00     1
                                914 23 4月  2012 08:00     1
                                915 23 4月  2012 09:00     1
                                916 23 4月  2012 10:00     1
                                917 23 4月  2012 11:00     1
                                918 23 4月  2012 12:00     1
                                919 23 4月  2012 13:00     1



Specify the Begin and End Snapshot Ids
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
输入 begin_snap 的值:  917  <--需要输入
Begin Snapshot Id specified: 917

输入 end_snap 的值:  918    <--需要输入
End   Snapshot Id specified: 918



Specify the Report Name
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The default report file name is awrrpt_1_917_918.html.  To use this name,
press  to continue, otherwise enter an alternative.

输入 report_name 的值:xifenfei_awr.html  <--需要输入
-----------------温馨提示--------------------
操作有风险,动手需谨慎
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关键词:

awr导出 导入 分析