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【学习笔记】Oracle ASM 通过ftp/http工具拷贝asm中的数据文件

时间:2016-07-25 22:12   来源:Oracle研究中心   作者:惜分飞   点击:

天萃荷净 分享一篇Oracle ASM的管理办法,通过ftp/http工具拷贝asm中的数据文件

1.检查Oracle XML Database组件

SQL> select comp_name, status, version from DBA_REGISTRY where comp_name='Oracle XML Database';

COMP_NAME                 STATUS                 VERSION
------------------------- ---------------------- ------------------------------
Oracle XML Database       VALID                  11.2.0.3.0

SQL> select count(*) from dba_objects where owner='XDB' and status='INVALID';

  COUNT(*)
----------
         0

2.配置xdb的ftp和http

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Tue May 1 12:05:27 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> execute dbms_xdb.sethttpport(8080);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> execute dbms_xdb.setftpport(2100);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select dbms_xdb.GETFTPPORT() from dual;

DBMS_XDB.GETFTPPORT()
---------------------
                 2100

SQL> select dbms_xdb.GETHTTPPORT() from dual;

DBMS_XDB.GETHTTPPORT()
----------------------
                  8080
--根据你的需求,可以选择一个即可

SQL> show parameter dispatchers;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- -------------------------------
dispatchers                          string      (PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=XFFXDB)
--dispatchers参数会自动配置,这里需要说明,MOS中说的sidxdb是不恰当的,我这里是db_namexdb
--因为我这里是rac,sid为XFF1,总之相信自动配置

3.查看监听

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on 01-MAY-2012 12:09:14

Copyright (c) 1991, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
Start Date                01-MAY-2012 11:51:13
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 18 min. 1 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/gridbase/diag/tnslsnr/rac1/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.31)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.33)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=8080))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=2100))(Presentation=FTP)(Session=RAW))
Services Summary...
Service "+ASM" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "+ASM1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "XFF" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "XFF1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "XFFXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "XFF1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

--以下两条监听是自动增加上去,如果没有自动增加,需要手工增加并且重启或者重新加载监听
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=8080))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=2100))(Presentation=FTP)(Session=RAW))

4.ftp基本操作

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ ftp -n
ftp> open rac1 2100
Connected to rac1.
220- rac1 
Unauthorised use of this FTP server is prohibited and may be subject to civil and criminal prosecution.
220 rac1 FTP Server (Oracle XML DB/Oracle Database) ready.
530  Please login with USER and PASS.
530  Please login with USER and PASS.
KERBEROS_V4 rejected as an authentication type
ftp> user system oracleplus
331 pass required for SYSTEM
230 SYSTEM logged in
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,181,5)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 OLAP_XDS
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:47 home
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 18:02 images
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 olap_data_security
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:43 public
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:44 sys
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:06 xdbconfig.xml
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 xds
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd sys
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> cd asm
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,98,133)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:14 oracleplus
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:14 DATA
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd oracleplus
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,151,70)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 XFF
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 ASM
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd xff
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,100,14)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 DATAFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 CONTROLFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 ONLINELOG
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 TEMPFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 PARAMETERFILE
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle      3584 MAY 01 04:15 spfileXFF.ora
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd xff/datafile
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,30,63)
150 ASCII Data Connection
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  744497152 MAY 01 04:20 SYSTEM.256.776961315
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  618668032 MAY 01 04:20 SYSAUX.257.776961315
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  83894272 MAY 01 04:20 UNDOTBS1.258.776961317
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle   6291456 MAY 01 04:20 user_dd.dbf
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  26222592 MAY 01 04:20 UNDOTBS2.264.776961693
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  157294592 MAY 01 04:20 oracleplus01.dbf
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> get oracleplus01.dbf
local: oracleplus01.dbf remote: oracleplus01.dbf
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,143,34)
150 ASCII Data Connection
550- Error Response 
ORA-31198: Mismatch in number of bytes transferred due to non-binary mode
550 End Error Response 
270340 bytes received in 0.053 seconds (5e+03 Kbytes/s)
ftp> binary
200  Type set to I.
ftp> get oracleplus01.dbf
local: oracleplus01.dbf remote: oracleplus01.dbf
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,9,112)
150 BIN Data Connection
226 BIN Transfer Complete
157294592 bytes received in 14 seconds (1.1e+04 Kbytes/s)
--主要需要设置为二进制传输模式,默认是ASCII方式的,可能会报错
ftp> quit
221 QUIT Goodbye.

这篇文章主要参考How to configure XDB for using ftp and http protocols with ASM [ID 357714.1],但是在自己试验过程中,发现文档中有些地方不太合适,这里做个补充说明
1.ftp服务端不需要启动(这里只是用到了操作系统的ftp客户端功能,如果使用其他客户端工具,连操作系统客户端都省了)
2.dispatchers 中的SERVICE=XDB不准确,系统自动配置的XDB亦可以正常工作,更相信数据库自动配置
3.ftp和http两个功能,只需要配置一个即可(选择你需要的)
4.下图展示的是通过http方式访问结果(system用户登录)
http_asm


--------------------------------------ORACLE-DBA----------------------------------------

最权威、专业的Oracle案例资源汇总之【学习笔记】Oracle ASM 通过ftp/http工具拷贝asm中的数据文件

本文由大师惜分飞原创分享,网址:http://www.oracleplus.net/arch/886.html

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通过ftp/http工具拷贝asm中的数据文件

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